Appeal to authority critical thinking
Sometimes we need to make decisions on what is the correct view to hold, even if we cannot know it through a sound argument. Imagine seeing an extremely difficult mathematical problem, one that only professional mathematicians have the ability to solve. We cannot use our reasoning skills to know the answer if we are not a professional mathematician. If we really want to know the answer, we could apply at university to become a mathematician, and a few years later come to know the answer, or we could ask a mathematician to tell us the answer. When we ask the mathematician to tell us the answer, what we are doing is appealing to an authority.
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appeal to authority
Appeal to Authority is this really a fallacy? • Skeptical Science
A fallacy is reasoning that is logically incorrect, undermines the logical validity of an argument, or is recognized as unsound. All forms of human communication can contain fallacies. Because of their variety, fallacies are challenging to classify. They can be classified by their structure formal fallacies or content informal fallacies.
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Argumentum ad Populum (Appeal to Numbers)
Fallacy Name : Argumentum ad Populum. This fallacy occurs any time the sheer numbers of people who agree to something is used as a reason to get you to agree to it and takes the general form:. This fallacy can take on the direct approach, where a speaker is addressing a crowd and makes a deliberate attempt to excite their emotions and passions in an attempt to get them to accept what he is saying. What we see here is the development of a sort of "mob mentality" people go along with what they hear because they experience others also going along with it.
The appeal to authority is a fallacy of irrelevance when the authority being cited is not really an authority. Einstein was an expert in physics, not religion. However, even if he had been a rabbi, to appeal to Rabbi Einstein as evidence that a god exists would still be an irrelevant appeal to authority because religion is by its very nature a controversial field. Not only do religious experts disagree about fundamental matters of religion, many people believe that religion itself is false. Appealing to non-experts as if they were experts, or appealing to experts in controversial fields, as evidence for a belief, are equally irrelevant to establishing the correctness of the belief.
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