Published on May 2, by Shona McCombes. Revised on December 8, The format of a research proposal varies between fields, but most proposals should contain at least these elements:. There may be some variation in how the sections are named or divided, but the overall goals are always the same.
Research Process: 8 Steps in Research Process
How to Write a Research Proposal (with Pictures) - wikiHow
Henry Bwisa. Research is a systematic investigative process employed to increase or revise current knowledge by discovering new facts. It can be divided into two general categories: 1 Basic research, which is inquiry aimed at increasing scientific knowledge, and 2 Applied research, which is effort aimed at using basic research for solving problems or developing new processes, products, or techniques. A research problem may be defined as an area of concern, a gap in the existing knowledge, or a deviation in the norm or standard that points to the need for further understanding and investigation. Although many problems turn out to have several solutions the means to close the gap or correct the deviation , difficulties arise where such means are either not obvious or are not immediately available. This then necessitates some research to reach a viable solution.
How to Write a Research Proposal
As part of the application for admission onto our MJur, MPhil and PhD programmes, you must prepare a research proposal outlining your proposed area of study. A research proposal is a concise and coherent summary of your proposed research. It sets out the central issues or questions that you intend to address. It outlines the general area of study within which your research falls, referring to the current state of knowledge and any recent debates on the topic. It also demonstrates the originality of your proposed research.
This article was co-authored by Christopher Taylor, PhD. This article has been viewed , times. The exact format and requirements for a research proposal can vary slightly depending on the type of research being proposed and the specific demands of the institution you plan to submit your proposal to, but there are a few basics that are almost always needed. Overall, a good research proposal takes time to write and must identify what the proposed research will address and why the proposed research is so important. Here is a brief explanation of the sections needed to complete a standard research proposal as well as the writing timeline you should strive to follow.