The logical problem of evil essay
Mackie thinks that first order evil like pain gives rise to first order goods like compassion. And in the same way second order evil is necessary to give rise to second order goods. Thus, he believes that evil is a logically necessary part of good. Evil being a part of good, and if God is prepared to put up with first order evil to promote second order goods, surely God would want to eliminate second order evil then. But, according to Mackie, God lacks the power to eliminate second order evil and thus is a limit to his power. Plantinga believes, like Mill, that human free will is the explanation as to why evil exists.
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Outline and Explain the Logical and Evidential Problems of Evil for the Existence of God. (30)
Problem Of Evil Essay: The Problem Of Evil - Words | Help Me
Sign in Create an account. Syntax Advanced Search. Logical problem of evil. James R. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy The existence of evil and suffering in our world seems to pose a serious challenge to belief in the existence of a perfect God. If God were all-knowing, it seems that God would know about all of the horrible things that happen in our world.
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What Os Logical Problem of Evil?
Originating with Greek philosopher Epicurus ,  the logical argument from evil is as follows:. This argument is of the form modus tollens , and is logically valid : If its premises are true, the conclusion follows of necessity. To show that the first premise is plausible, subsequent versions tend to expand on it, such as this modern example: . Both of these arguments are understood to be presenting two forms of the logical problem of evil.
The problem of evil refers to the question of how to reconcile the existence of evil with an omnibenevolent , omniscient and omnipotent God see theism. Attempts to show the contrary have traditionally been discussed under the heading of theodicy. Besides philosophy of religion, the problem of evil is also important to the field of theology and ethics. The problem of evil is often formulated in two forms: the logical problem of evil and the evidential problem of evil. The logical form of the argument tries to show a logical impossibility in the coexistence of God and evil,   while the evidential form tries to show that given the evil in the world, it is improbable that there is an omnipotent, omniscient, and wholly good God.
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